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玫瑰传奇 The father of English poetry

作者:guoyao003 日期:2018-08-06 分类:传奇资讯

玫瑰传奇

B英语121朱琴琴2017/11/2 2pPictures of Chuacercontentlife experienceliterary careerCanterbury Talescontribution and place2017/11/2 4Life experience 1340: Born in a rich wine-merchant's family with a high social position . 1357: Served as a court page( 侍臣)in a nobleman's household at 17. 1366: Married to Philippa Pan. 1367: Entered the service of king Edward III and became an ambassador. 1386 : Selected as member of Parliament (议员)but soon dismissed. 1389: Appointed as clerk of the king's works and the new king Henry IV granted him a pension(退休金). He died on the 25th of Oct.1400 and was the first to be buried in the Poet's Corner of Westminster Abbey(威斯敏特斯教堂的诗人之角).2017/11/2 5The poet's corner2017/11/2 6The literary career of Chaucer(main works)• The first period:(under the influence of French literature)主要翻译或仿效法国诗人的作品《玫瑰传奇》The romance of Rose-----a translation from a French poem《公爵夫人之书》The book of Duchess2017/11/2 7The second periodUnder the influence of Indian literature《百鸟会议》The Parliament of Fowls《特罗伊勒斯和克莱西德》Troilus and Criseyde---a poem of alove story《 《贤妇传奇》 》The Legend of Good Women 《声誉之宫》The House of Fame2017/11/2 9The third Stage( 1385-1400 )Chaucer's masterpieceand one of the monumental works:《坎特伯雷故事集》( The Canterbury Tales )-- 历经15年2017/11/2 10About the story•作品描写一群香客( pilgrim )聚集在伦敦一家小旅店里,准备去坎特伯雷城朝圣。

法国文学玫瑰传奇简介_玫瑰传奇_《玫瑰传奇》

店主人建议香客们在往返途中各讲两个故事,看谁讲的最好。故事集包括了23 个故事,其中最精彩的故事有:骑士讲的爱情悲剧故事、巴斯妇讲的骑士的故事、卖赎罪券者讲的劝世寓言故事、教士讲的动物寓言故事、商人讲的家庭纠纷的故事、农民讲的感人的爱情和慷慨义气行为的故事。作品广泛地反映了资本主义萌芽时期的英国社会生活,揭露了教会的腐败、教士的贪婪和伪善,谴责了扼杀人性的禁欲主义,肯定了世俗的爱情生活。玫瑰传奇2017/11/2 11The Tales • The famous ones are the story of:1) the wife of Bath(巴斯夫人)2)the Knight (骑士)3)the Pardoner(卖赎罪卷者)4)the Nun's Priest(尼姑的教士)5 ) the Prologue(序诗){ The Prologue provides a framework for the Tales and supplies a miniature (缩影) of the English society of Chaucer's time. }2017/11/2 12精选片段 When in April, the sweet showers fall, And pierce the drought of March to the root and all The veins are bathed in liquor of such power, As brings about the engendering of the flower, When also Zephyrus with his sweet breath, Exhales an air in every grove and heath- Upon the tender shoots and the young sun His half -course in the sign of the Ram has run, 夏雨给大地带来了喜悦, 送走了土壤干裂的三月, 沐浴着草木的丝丝经络, 顿时百花盛开,生机勃勃。

法国文学玫瑰传奇简介_玫瑰传奇_《玫瑰传奇》

 西风轻吹留下清香缕缕, 田野复苏吐出芳草绿绿; 碧蓝的天空腾起一轮红日, 青春的太阳洒下万道金辉 。2017/11/2 13The Pardoner’s TaleThe first part consists of the Pardoner giving a sermon (布道)about how bad avarice (贪婪) is and how to repent (忏悔)for sins.Then the Pardoner tells a story that three men who were drinking at a tavern(小酒馆)saw one of their friends being carried away. They discovered that he had died and decided to try to find Death(死神)and kill him. On the way, an old man told them where to find Death, which was by a tree. Once they arrive there, they find bags of gold.Immediately they share it and send one man to the town for bread and wine. Once he left, the other two plot to kill him with a dagger(匕首)when the man who went to town plots to kill the other two with rat poison he bought and poured into wine bottles. After getting back from the town, he was killed by the other two with a dagger.2017/11/2 14The Pardoner’s TaleAfterwards, they decided to drink and be merry(快活的). They ended up drinking the poisoned wine. Needless to say, all three men died and no one received the gold. At the end of the tale, the Pardoner talks about how he sells fake relics(遗物)to make money and makes people pay him gold and silver before he pardons their sins.A Deeper Meaning?- I believe the tale points out that 1.) even the most unlikely person (a pardoner) sins 2.) sins (like greed) can lead to death 3.) if you look for Death, you will find him2017/11/2 15Significance of The Canterbury Tales• It is the first poem written in the English language.• It is therefore given much credit for inventing modern English.• It recorded words and phrases that were commonly spoken but were never put down on paper before.• Chaucer is considered the model and inspiration for the English poetry that followed him.2017/11/2 16Contribution1) He introduced from Italy and France the rhymed stanza(段) of various types.( For example, Heroic Couplet英雄双韵体;Iambic Pentameter五音步抑扬格)2) He first wrote in the English language (Middle English).3) He made the London dialect the foundation for modern English language. 4) He had great influence on writers of the later generation, e.g. Shakespeare.Geoffrey Chaucer’s Place in British literature:• 1) The outstanding English poetbefore Shakespeare and "the founder of English realism"• 2) “Father of English poetry” and one of the greatest narrative poets of England• 3) Forerunner of humanism• 4) The first realistic writer• 5) Master of the English language

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